Severe Morning Sickness Can Cause Premature Birth

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

In some women, morning sickness pregnancy may be an indicator of more serious conditions later in life, including premature birth. So women who experience severe nausea and vomiting during early pregnancy should be able to manage the condition properly.

A study states that more than 23 percent of women who experience nausea and vomiting (morning sickness) severe in early pregnancy, will experience premature birth. These conditions can impair a baby's ability to live a normal life in the womb, so that will be born before 34 weeks gestation reached.

In addition, about 31 percent more likely to have high blood pressure or preeclampsia during pregnancy compared with women who experience morning sickness ordinary and not very influential on his life.

Women are plagued by morning sickness is also two times more likely to have a low body weight during pregnancy. This can lead to low birth weight babies as well.

"These findings underscore the importance of recognizing and managing morning sickness," said Dr. Gary Stanziano, leader of the study.

Approximately 50 to 60 percent of pregnant women experience some type of morning sickness during pregnancy. About 1 percent of pregnant women experience severe morning sickness known as hyperemesis gravidarum, which can lead to malnutrition.

Stanziano and colleagues analyzed information from 81,486 women who were pregnant between 2004 and 2011. After giving birth, women are given a question each experience nausea and vomiting during pregnancy to affect her ability to perform work or daily activities.

About 5,200 women, or 6.4 percent of the participants surveyed reported experiencing nausea and vomiting that affect quality of life. About 1,800 women say it does not require intervention, while about 3,300 are dehydrated and require pharmacological treatment.

Of the participants who experienced severe nausea and vomiting, about 23 percent had low weight during pregnancy, compared to 13.7 percent of women who did not experience severe morning sickness. About 10 percent fell ill during pregnancy and having a baby with low birth weight.

The researchers are not sure why women with severe morning sickness experienced this. But poor nutrition and too little weight gain in pregnancy can lead to risk of premature birth and low birth weight infants.

Previous studies state that excessive weight gain pregnancy has been shown to dive associated with premature birth and low birth weight. But it turns out that low body weight during pregnancy also can put the same risk.

Fortunately, only a small number of pregnant women who experience severe nausea and vomiting that usually lasts more than 10 to 16 weeks gestation. If you experience this, consult with your doctor to get the best solution.

Although there is no cure for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but there are therapies that include supplementation extra hydration and nutrition on the monitoring physician.

"Changes in diet, such as eating six to seven small meals a day instead of three large meals, can also help," said Dr. Jennifer Wu, an obstetrician and gynecologist at Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City.

The findings were presented last week at the annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine in Dallas.

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